Jumat, 03 Mei 2013

AS IF/AS THOUGH


As if atau as though adalah conjunctions yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan kenyataan atau contrary to the fact dan pola kalimatnya juga pengertiannya sama dengan IF-CLAUSE                              

POLA KALIMAT AS IF/AS THOUGH [ IN THE PRERSENT TIME ]

Subject + verb [simple present]
Unreal Simple Past
Real Simple Present
As if / as though + subject + verb 2 + complement
Subject + do/does + not + verb 1 + complement


As if / as though + subject + were  + adjective/nouns
Subject + to be 1 + not + adjective/nouns


As if / as though + subject + did + not + verb 1 + complement
Subject + verb 1 + complement


As if / as though + subject + were + not + adjective/nouns
Subject + to be 1 + adjective/nouns

Contoh :
1.      He acts as if he were rich. (Kenyataan = he is not rich)
2.      He looks as if he saw a ghost. (Kenyataan = he does not see a ghost)
3.      My father acts as though he didn’t have a car. (Kenyataan = he has a car)
4.      He talks as if/as though he were not a teacher. (Kenyataan = he is a teacher)


POLA KALIMAT AS IF/AS THOUGH [ IN THE PAST TIME ]

1. Subject + verb 2 [simple past] + as if / as though + subject + had + verb 3 + complement [past perfect]

   Kenyataan = subject + did + not + verb 1 + complement (simple past)

2. Subject + verb 2 [simple past] + as if / as though + subject + had been + adjective/nouns [past perfect]
   Kenyataan = subject + to be 2 + not + adjective/nouns (simple past)

3. Subject + verb 2 [simple past] + as if / as though + subject + had + not + verb 3 + complement [simple past]
   Kenyataan = subject + verb 2 + complement (simple past)

4. Subject + verb 2 [simple past] + as if / as though + subject + had + not + been + adjective/nouns [past perfect]
   Kenyataan = subject + to be 2 + adjective/nouns (simple past)




Contoh :
1.      He acted as if he had been rich. (Kenyataan = he was not rich)
2.      He looked as if he had seen a ghost. (Kenyataan = he did not see a ghost)
3.      My father acted as though he hadn’t had a car. (Kenyataan = he had a car)
4.      He talked as if/as though he had not been a teacher. (Kenyataan = he was a teacher)
5.      She looked as if/as though she had not taken a shower. (Kenyataan = she took a shower)
6.      He drove as if/as though he had not been a driver. (Kenyataan = he was a driver)




1.      Tom looks very tired. You say to him: You look ______________________________
2.      When you talked to Jack on the phone last night, he had difficulty speaking. And he said some strange things. He sounded ______________________________
3.      Carol had a bored expression on her face during the concert. She didn’t look ______________________________
4.      You could smell him from a long way away. He badly needed a bath. He smelt _____________________________
5.      Your friend comes into the room looking absolutely terrified. His face is white. You say : What’s the matter ? You look ______________________________
6.      You’ve just eaten a whole box of chocolates. Now you are felling ill. You say: I feel __________________________
7.      When you saw Sue, she was walking in a strange way. She looked ______________________________
8.      They were extremely hungry and ate their dinner very quickly. They ate their dinner _________________________
9.      Ann and Tom were having an argument. She was very angry. Suddenly she picked up a plate. She looked ______________________________

  
  1. Using the idea given in parentheses, complete each sentence with as if/as though

1.      (I wasn’t run over by a ten-ton truck)
I feel terrible. I feel as if (as though) I had been run over by a ten-ton truck

2.      (English is not her native tongue)
She speaks English ________________________________________________________


3.      (His animals aren’t people)
I know a farmer who talks to his animals _________________________________________


4.      (You didn’t see a ghost)
What’s the matter? You look _________________________________________________

5.      (His father is not a general in the army)
Sometimes his father gives orders _____________________________________________

6.      (I didn’t climb Mt. Everest)
When I reached the fourth floor, I was winded. I felt ________________________________

7.      (He has a brain in his head)
Sometimes he acts _________________________________________________________

8.      (We haven’t known each other all of our lives)
We became good friends almost immediately. After talking to each other for only a short time, we felt ___________________________________________________________________

9.      (A giant bulldozer didn’t drive down Main street)
After the tornado, the town looked _____________________________________________

10.  (I don’t have wings and can’t fly)
I was so happy that I felt _____________________________________________________

11.  (The child won’t burst)
The child was so excited that he looked _________________________________________

12.  (She does not know anything)
She always talks everything to every people ______________________________________

13.  (He didn’t study in the university)
He brought some books _____________________________________________________

14.  (He isn’t a police)
He asks me everything about the robbery _______________________________________

15.  (She is not a nurse)
When my father was sick, she gave some helps __________________________________

16.  (I didn’t understand the lesson)
I didn’t ask anything to my teacher _____________________________________________

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