Jumat, 03 Mei 2013

HAD BETT




SHOULD, OUGHT TO, and HAD BETTER


a.         You should study harder
      You ought to study harder

b.        Drivers should obey the speed limit
      Drivers ought to obey the speed limit

Contoh lain:
You should not leave your keys in the car
Should dan ought to mempunyai pengertian yang sama: keduanya menyatakan suatu saran seperti ungkapan This is a good idea atau sebuah saran sebagai bentuk tanggungjawab atau kewajiban, seperti dalam ungkapan This is a very important thing to do.
Dalam kalimat (a) mempunyai pengertian ‘This is a good idea. This is my advice. Dalam kalimat (b) ‘This is an important resposibility/duty’.
c.         The gas tank is almost empty. We had better stop at the next gas station
Dalam pengertian, had better dekat dengan should/ought to, tetapi had better itu lebih kuat. Seringkali had better menekankan pada peringatan atau suatu resiko jelek yang bakal terjadi bilamana tidak menuruti saran. Kalimat (c) jika tidak berhenti di pom bensin, maka mobil akan kehabisan bahan bakar.
Catatan : had better memiliki pengertian present atau future.  Dan lebih sering digunakan dalam bentuk percakapan.
d.        You had better take a test soon, or you will not have a mark
POLA KALIMATNYA
Subject + should + (not) + verb 1 + object
Subject + ought (not) to + verb 1 + object
Subject + had better (not) + verb 1 + object




A.        Give advice in the following situations by using should, ought to, or had better

Example                   : I have a test tomorrow
Response                : You should (ought to, had better) study tonight

1.       I’m writing a composition, and there is a word I don’t know how to spell it
___________________________________________________________________              

2.       I don’t feel good. I think I’m catching a cold
___________________________________________________________________              

3.       I can’t see the words well when I sit in the back row
___________________________________________________________________              

4.       I’m homesick
___________________________________________________________________              

5.       I have a problem with my student visa
___________________________________________________________________              

6.       My roommate snores and I can’t get to sleep
___________________________________________________________________              

7.       I need to improve my English
___________________________________________________________________              

8.       I can’t stop yawning
___________________________________________________________________              

9.       My library book is due today
___________________________________________________________________              

10.    There’s no food in my house, and some guests are coming to dinner tonight
___________________________________________________________________              

11.    I have only twenty-five cents in my pocket, but I need some  money to go out tonight
___________________________________________________________________              

12.    My apartment is a mess, and my mother is coming to visit me tomorrow
___________________________________________________________________              

13.    I’m about to leave on a trip, but the gas gauge in my car is on empty
___________________________________________________________________              

14.    I have a toothache
___________________________________________________________________              

15.    I have forgotten to lock the door
___________________________________________________________________                     


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