Jumat, 03 Mei 2013

CAUSATIVE


 A.       CAUSATIVE ACTIVE


POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘HAVE/HAS’ DENGAN BENTUK POSITIVE

    SUBJECT+ 

              [Simple Present]                                              HAVE/HAS

       + PERSONAL PRONOUNS

     + VERB 1

+OOBJECT
          [Futr. & Modals]    WILL/MUST+ HAVE
              [Prest. Cont.]            TO BE  + HAVING
             [Simple Past]           HAD
              [Prest. Perfect]      HAVE/HAS + HAD
                                                                                                                                               
HAVE                = untuk subject I, We, You, and They
HAS                    = untuk subject He, She, and It

Contoh :
a.         My hair is long, so I have the barber cut my hair (Present)
b.        Anna can’t go to school, so she has her mother send a letter to school (Present)
c.         As the electric went out last night, so I had him light the candle (Past)
d.        My father is having her daughter sweep the floor (Continuous)
e.         The blackboard is dirty, then the teacher has Danny clean the blackboard (Present)
f.          Alice has not submitted the report yet, so the teacher must have her submit the report soon.
g.         My father has had mother make some cakes (Present Perfect)


POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘HAVE/HAS’ DENGAN BENTUK NEGATIVE

       SUBJECT + 

DO/DOES NOT + HAVE/HAS

PERSONAL PRONOUNS +

VERB 1

+OOBJECT
               WILL/MUST+ NOT + HAVE
             TO BE  + NOT + HAVING               +
           HAD + NOT
             HAVE/HAS + NOT + HAD

DO NOT….. /HAVE NOT…….               = untuk Subject I, We, You, and They
DOES NOT…. /HAS NOT …..                = untuk Subject He, She, and It
DID NOT ……..                      = untuk semua subject

Contoh :
a.        As I can repair the radio by myself, so I don’t have the electrician repair the radio
b.       Bobby is still sick, so you must not have him work hard
c.        The door was unlocked last night because my father didn’t have me lock the door
d.       The teacher has not had the students work the assignment
e.        “No, I will not have him type the document anymore, because he always make some mistakes” said the manager

  

      POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘HAVE/HAS’ DENGAN BENTUK INTERROGATIVE

     DO/DOES

             + SUBJECT +   


              HAVE

PERSONAL PRONOUNS
+ VERB 1
OBJECT?
          WILL/MUST
  TO BE                                          +
                    HAVING +
           DID
               HAVE
            HAVE/HAS
                     HAD

DO…… ? Have ……. ?  = untuk subject I, We, You, and They
DOES…? Has ………?   = untuk subject He, She, and It
DID ….. ?                     = untuk semua subject

Contoh :
a.        Where is Linda, do you have her go out to buy something?
b.       Andy         : I don’t know why Danny hasn’t called me
        Bob            : Will you have me call him now?  
c.        Headmaster   : Where were the students ? Did you have them go home ?
        Teacher          : Yes, sir! I had them go home just now because  the lesson  was finished
d.     Father       : Has your mother had you send the letter to the post office ?
        Carl            : No, not yet, Dad.


POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘GET’ DENGAN BENTUK POSITIVE

        SUBJECT+       

[Simple Present]  GET [+s/es]

+ PERSONAL PRONOUNS

+ VERB WITH TO

[TO INFINITIVE]

+OOBJECT
             [Futr. & Modals]    WILL/MUST+ GET
              [Prest. Cont.]            TO BE  + GETTING
[Simple Past]           GOT
[Prest. Perfect]      HAVE/HAS + GOTTEN

Get                      = untuk subject I, We, You, and They
Gets                    = untuk subject He, she and It

Contoh :
a.        My hair is long, so I get the barber to cut my hair (Present)
b.       Anna can’t go to school, so she gets her mother to send a letter to school (Present)
c.        As the electric went out last night, so I got him light the candle (Past)
d.       My father is getting her daughter  to sweep the floor (Continuous)
e.        The blackboard is dirty, then the teacher gets Danny  to clean the blackboard (Present)
f.         Alice has not submitted the report yet, so the teacher must get her to submit the report soon.
g.        My father has got mother to make some cakes (Present Perfect)


POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘GET’ DENGAN BENTUK NEGATIVE

SUBJECT +

DO/DOES NOT GET

PERSONAL PRONOUNS +

VERB WITH TO

[TO INFINITIVE]

+OOBJECT
WILL/MUST NOT GET
TO BE + NOT + GETTING +
HAD NOT GOTTEN
HAVE/HAS + NOT GOTTEN

Contoh :
a.        As I can repair the radio by myself, so I don’t get  the electrician  to repair the radio
b.       Bobby is still sick, so you must not get  him  to work hard
c.        The door was unlocked last night because my father didn’t get  me to lock the door
d.       The teacher has not got  the students to work the assignment
e.        “No, I will not get him to type the document anymore, because he always make some mistakes” said the manager


POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE ACTIVE YANG MEMAKAI ‘GET’ DENGAN BENTUK INTERROGATIVE

DO/DOES

+ SUBJECT


GET

PERSONAL PRONOUNS +

VERB WITH TO

[TO INFINITIVE]

+ OBJECT?
WILL/MUST
TO BE                                          +
GETTING +
DID
GET
HAVE/HAS
GOTTEN


Contoh :
a.        Where is Linda, do you get  her to go out to buy something?

b.       Andy       : I don’t know why Danny hasn’t called me

Bob         : Will you get me to call him now?   

c.        Headmaster   : Where were the students ? Did you get  them to go home ?
Teacher          : Yes, sir! I got  them to go home just now because  the lesson  was finished

d.     Father       : Has your mother got  you to send the letter to the post office ?
        Carl            : No, not yet, Dad.              




Menyuruh bentuk present tense
Subject + gets + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1 + Obj. org/benda
Past tense
Subject + got + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1 + Obj. org/benda
future
Subject + will get + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
Present Perfect
Subject + have/has + got + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1 + Obj. org/benda
Modals
Subject + can/may/must + get + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
NEGATIVE
Menyuruh bentuk present tense
Subject + DO/DOES NOT + GET + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
Past tense
Subject + DID NOT + GET + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
future
Subject + will NOT GET + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
Present Perfect
Subject + have/has not + GOT + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1+ Obj. org/benda
Modals
Subject + can/may/must + not + GET + obj. org. + TO + Verb-1 + Obj. org/benda
SUBJECT + GET + OBJECT BENDA/ORG. + VERB-3 + (BY – OBJECT)


I GET LINDA TO CLOSE THE DOOR
I GET THE DOOR CLOSED (BY LINDA)
  
A.       CAUSATIVE PASSSIVE

POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE PASSIVE MENGGUNAKAN
HAVE/HAS BENTUK POSITIVE

SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS  + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (PRESENT)
SUBJECT + WILL/MUST + HAVE + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (FUTURE)
SUBJECT + TO BE  + HAVING + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (CONTINUOUS)
SUBJECT + HAD + OBJECT + OBJECT (usually nouns) + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (LAMPAU/PAST)
SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + HAD + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (PRESENT PERFECT)

Contoh :
a.        My hair is long, so I have my hair cut by the barber (Present)
b.       Anna can’t go to school, so she has a letter sent to school by her mother (Present)
c.        As the electric went out last night, so I had the candle light by him (Past)
d.       My father is having the floor swept by her daughter (Continuous)
e.        The blackboard is dirty, then the teacher has the blackboard cleaned  by Danny (Present)
f.         Alice has not submitted the report yet, so the teacher must have the report submitted by her soon.
g.        My father has had some cakes made by mother (Present Perfect)


POLA
POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE PASSIVE MENGGUNAKAN
HAVE/HAS BENTUK NEGATIVE

SUBJECT + DON’T/DOESN’T + HAVE  + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (PRESENT)
SUBJECT + WILL/MUST + NOT + HAVE + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (FUTURE)
SUBJECT + TO BE  + NOT + HAVING + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (CONTINUOUS)
SUBJECT + DID + NOT + HAVE + OBJECT + OBJECT (usually nouns) + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (LAMPAU/PAST)
SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + NOT + HAD + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE (PRESENT PERFECT)

Contoh :
a.        My hair is long, so I don’t have my hair cut by the barber (Present)
b.       Anna can’t go to school, so she doesn’t have a letter sent to school by her mother (Present)
c.        As the electric went out last night, so I didn’t have the candle light by him (Past)
d.       My father is not having the floor swept by her daughter (Continuous)
e.        The blackboard is dirty, then the teacher doesn’t have the blackboard cleaned  by Danny (Present)
f.         Alice has not submitted the report yet, so the teacher must not have the report submitted by her soon.
g.        My father has not had some cakes made by mother (Present Perfect)

POLA KALIMAT CAUSATIVE PASSIVE MENGGUNAKAN
HAVE/HAS BENTUK INTERROGATIVE

DO + SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE ? (PRESENT)
WILL/MUST +SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE ? (FUTURE)
DID + SUBJECT + HAVE + OBJECT + OBJECT (usually nouns) + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE ? (LAMPAU/PAST)
HAVE/HAS + SUBJECT + HAD + OBJECT(usually nouns)  + VERB 3 + BY SOMEONE ? (PRESENT PERFECT)


Contoh :
a.        Do you have your hair cut by the barber ? (Present)
b.       Does she have  a letter sent to school by her mother ? (Present)
c.        Did youI have the candle light by him ? (Past)
d.       Has the teacher had  the blackboard cleaned  by Danny ? (Present)
e.        Must the teacher have the report submitted by her soon ? (Modals/Future)
f.         Has your father had some cakes made by mother ? (Present Perfect)

 16. CAUSATIVE


16.1.     Change the sentences below into the Causative form with ‘have’ and ‘get’.

Example:
1. I ask my friend to send a letter
   = I have my friend send a letter
   = I get my friend to send a letter 

2. She ordered him to close the door
     = She had him close the door
     = She got him to close the door


3. She has asked me to buy sugar
   = She has had me buy sugar
   = She has got me to buy sugar

4. I will ask them to play football
     = I will have them play football
     = I will get them to play football

                       
1.      She asked me to study hard

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
2.      He has asked her to stop crying

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
3.      The teacher will ask them to complete the test

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
4.      I asked the mechanic to repair my watch

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
5.      The doctor asked the nurse to inject medicine to the patient

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
6.      I have ordered her to pack the dresses

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
7.      The coach asked him to put the ball into a basket

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
8.      She ordered the tailor to sew the trouser

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     



9.      Did he ask you to buy a magazine?

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
10.  My mother asks him to clean the floor

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
11.  The visitor will ask the waiter to reserve two seats

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
12.  The manager asked his secretary to check the report

= ______________________________________________________________________

= ______________________________________________________________________     
13.  The president has asked the minister to plan new regulations

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
14.  Do you order her to write the lesson ?

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________     
15.  My father asked me to accompany him o the office

= ______________________________________________________________________     
= ______________________________________________________________________
 16.1.     Change the Active sentences into the form of Passive form with ‘have’ and ‘get’.

Example:
1. I ask my friend to send a letter
   = I have a letter sent by my friend
   = I get a letter sent by my friend

2. She ordered him to close the door
     = She had the door closed by him
     = She got him to close the door


3. She has asked me to buy sugar
= She has had sugar bought by me
= She has got sugar bought by me

4. I will ask him to turn of the radio
     = I will have the radio turned off by him
     = I will get the radio turned off by him


1.      She had me cut her hair

= She had her hair cut by me____________         
2.      He has her boil some water

= He has some water boiled by her_____________         
3.      The teacher gets her to clean the blackboard

= The teacher gets the blackboard cleaned by her_____________        
4.      I got the mechanic to repair my watch

= I got my watch repaired by the mechanic___________           
5.      The doctor had the nurse serve the medicine

= The doctor had the medicine served by the nurse________________ 
6.      I have her  pack the dresses

= ______________________________________________________________________     
7.      The police got him to sign the driving license

= ______________________________________________________________________     
8.      She has the tailor sew the trouser

= ______________________________________________________________________     
9.      Did he get you to buy a magazine?

= ______________________________________________________________________     
10.  My mother has him sweep the floor

= ______________________________________________________________________     
11.  The visitor had the waiter reserve two seats

= ______________________________________________________________________     
12.  The manager gets his secretary to check the report

= ______________________________________________________________________     
13.  The president had the assistant write the report

= ______________________________________________________________________     
14.  Do you get her to write the lesson ?

= ______________________________________________________________________
15.  My father has me check the car

= ______________________________________________________________________     

  






















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